After China, India is the second most populated country on earth. With the exception of one decade (from 1911 to 1921)
population in India has continued to grow at an alarming pace.
The rate of population growth in India as per the estimates gathered from the sample registration system in terms of the difference between average birth and death rates in the late nineties are as follow: 1975 to 80 - 1.97%, 1981 to 85 - 2.155, 1985 to 90 - 2.09%, 1990 to 93 - 1.97%.
India covers 2.4% of the planets land region and covers 16% of the earths population. According to a July 2004 survey, the current India population figure is 1,065,070,607.
The population density of the nation amounts to 324 people per square kilometer from which 31.7% are males in the 0 to 14 years of age bracket that is about 173,869,856 males and 164,003,915 females. India’s population is estimated to be above 1 billion in the 21st century.
According to a 2004 estimate, in the age bracket of 0 to 14 years - 31.7% (male - 173,869,856; female - 164,003,915), 15 to 64 years - 63.5% (male - 349,785,804; female - 326,289,402) 65 years and over - 4.8% (male - 25,885,725; female - 25,235,905)
More than 70% of Indians live in rural areas and the rest in the 200 cities and towns. In India, population problems can only be solved by strict family planning measures along with an intense drive to eliminate ignorance and poverty among people.
People should also be made aware of the need to raise their standards of living and individual quality of life – especially for women. This singular problem is the basis of many related issues, which retard the progress of the country and must be eliminated by creating awareness and also making optimal use of the manpower of the country.
Indian Freedom Fighters